Application of radiocarbon dating
This is exactly what happened at Altamira, where the main body of art is Magdalenian (c.15,000 BCE), but recent tests showed that one particular abstract image dates back to the Aurignacian era about 34,000 BCE.
Stone Age artists created a variety of figurative and abstract images.
Thus we see the monochrome paintings of Aurignacian culture (40-25,000 BCE) give way to the polychrome art of the Gravettian (25-20,000 BCE), leading to the apogee of cave painting which is traditionally acknowledged to occur during the Magdalenian era (c.15-10,000 BCE) at Lascaux, Altamira, Font de Gaume and Les Combarelles.
During the Late Magdalenian, the Ice Age ended and a period of global warming led to the destruction of the Magdalenian reindeer habitat, along with its culture and its cave art.
Painting comes first, followed by mobiliary art, as exemplified by the portable Venus figurines like the Venus of Hohle Fels (38-33,000 BCE).